To talk about neuromodulation it is essential to understand its mechanism of action in relation to the functioning of the nervous system.
What is a neuromodulator?
The neuromodulator acts on the pain problems reported by patients. These problems in general can derive from a trauma, which can be fortuitous (stroke of the witch, whiplash, distortion, contusion) or iatrogenic (after-effects of surgery or traumatic surgery). It can be define as a dysfunction, that is a mechanism that does not work according to the correct physiological canons. The dysfunction can be musculoskeletal, with a muscle not correctly innervated and not properly nourished, or visceral, such as when the stomach, for nutritional or neurovegetative reasons, cannot digest well or does not have a normal passage in the duodenum.
These signals of dysfunction are called nociceptive signals and show a disorder that can be harmful, although not necessarily painful. Thus, wherever there is dysfunction, there are nerve signals starting from this precise area and inform the centers at the base of the brain. At the same time, these signals also inform a specific medullar area called medullary metamer. So if there is an incorrect input, an information altered by the malfunction, there will necessarily be an incorrect relative output. Therefore, the output signals can be altered so as to create visible alterations on the skin in specific areas. Neuromodulation acts precisely on these skin areas.
The neuromodulator is an electro-medical device capable of assessing the ability of the skin to be crossed by the current. Neuromodulators are calibrated in such a way that after having detected the areas in which there is an impedance alteration, i.e. alteration of body composition; and, precisely those will be the areas where the therapy will be delivered.
How does the neuromodulator work?
The neuromodulator has the purpose of restoring a normal electrophysiological level, which has values which allows the passage of normal current, acting exactly contrary to how the trauma has created this vicious circle. The neuromodulator informs the nervous system through the skin that the situation in the treated point is changing and is being adjusted, a principle also used in reflexology. From this moment the medullary metamer will send reflex reactions of neurogenic reprogramming which act on the dysfunction.
Now it comes the most interesting part: from the nervous system not only come out nerves that go to the skin or to the muscles, but signals going to the whole connective system, tendons, ligaments, arteries, veins, capillaries and therefore they go to feed, not only the treated area but also the visceral organs.
Therefore, on the skin there is a mapping of areas of altered impedance that are a reflection of a person’s health situation and thanks to neuromodulation we can act on the whole body.
Neuromodulation is simple and effective, only the competence of the operator to correctly identify the nerve endings involved and focus on the right points is needed.
The specificity of neuromodulation is fast. A pain treatment usually lasts no longer than 15 minutes. The treatment can be associated with any kinesiterapic technique.
The effectiveness of neuromodulation
When neuromodulation is done according to specific guidelines, there is an immediate minimum improvement of 20% to 40% of the symptoms. In the hours following the treatment there is a progressive improvement. Neuromodulation does not always require daily sessions but, depending on the case, treatment from two sessions per week up to one session every 15 days may be necessary.